Researchers from the Kyoto University Institute for the Future of Human and Society have shown AI’s capability to develop literary art like Haiku, a Japanese poetic form.
A study led by Yoshiyuki Udea, one of the researchers at Kyoto University, compared AI-generated Haiku without human intervention, also known as the ‘human out of the loop’ or HOTL, with an opposing method known as ‘human in the loop’ or HITL.
The research involved 385 participants who evaluated 40 Haiku poems comprising 20 each of HITL and HOTL and 40 other poems composed by professional Haiku writers. Ueda said, “it was interesting that the evaluators found it difficult to differentiate between human-generated Haiku and AI-generated Haiku.”
From the result, HITL Haiku received more praise for their poetic capabilities, whereas HOTL and human-generated Haiku had similar scores. However, researchers witnessed algorithm aversion among the evaluators. They were not supposed to be biased but became influenced by reverse psychology. In other words, evaluators tended to give lower scores to those they felt were AI-generated Haiku.
According to the researchers, the capability of AI in the field of Haiku creation is an essential and initial step to collaborating with humans to produce more creative work.